To apply for Canadian citizenship, you will need to submit the following documents:

  1. A completed application form.
  2. Two passport-style photographs of yourself that meet the requirements outlined in the application guide.
  3. Proof of your Permanent Resident status in Canada, such as a Permanent Resident Card or Record of Landing.
  4. Proof of your time spent in Canada, such as a passport stamp or a letter from your employer.
  5. Any documents that demonstrate your knowledge of English or French, such as a language test results or a diploma from a Canadian school.
  6. Any documents that demonstrate your knowledge of Canada, such as a Canadian history or civics test results.
  7. Payment for the application fee.

It’s important to make sure that you include all of the required documents with your application, as incomplete applications may be returned or rejected. You should also make sure that all of your documents are up to date and valid, as expired documents may not be accepted.

Processing time for a Canadian citizenship application

The processing time for a Canadian citizenship application depends on a variety of factors, including the volume of applications being processed at the time and the completeness of the application.

According to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), the current processing time for a citizenship application is approximately 18-24 months. However, it is important to note that processing times can vary significantly depending on the individual circumstances of each case. Some applications may be processed more quickly, while others may take longer.

You can check the current processing times for citizenship applications on the IRCC website. It is also a good idea to check the website regularly for updates, as processing times can change over time.

Who can apply can apply for Canadian Citizenship?


To be eligible to become a Canadian citizen, you must:

  • be a permanent resident
  • have lived in Canada for 3 out of the last 5 years
  • have filed your taxes, if you need to
  • pass a test on your rights, responsibilities and knowledge of Canada
  • prove your language skills

There are additional or different requirements if you are:

  • applying for a minor (under age 18)
  • a Canadian applying for your adopted child born outside Canada
  • a current or former Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) member applying under the fast-track process
  • a past Canadian citizen who want your Canadian citizenship back (including current and former CAF members)
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